'Science' started as an alternative to 'Scholarism'. While the traditional ways in education preached by the ancient books of 'proved wisdom' and focused on making students absorb what was already written, the new scientific way, as proposed by Descartes, relied on experiments and hypothesis formulation and testing. It seems obvious now which one would advance our knowledge and technology the most.
Yet I find hard to understand why the Scholar ethics persists. Society still believes 'teaching' is making children and young adults capable of repeating the mainstream literature on any given area of knowledge and researcg.